The Kazan territory long since had great value for all Russia that is why
from the very foundation of the diocese it was always governed by bishops,
who varied in wisdom, piety and preacher’s zeal.
1.St. Gury (Rugotin) 1555-1563
2.St. Herman (Sadyrev - Polevoy) 1564-1567
3.Lavrenty I 1568-1574
5.Tikhon I (Khvorostinin) 1575 - 1576
8.Tikhon II 1589
The first teachers of Kazan city, dark before but nowadays enlightened, were
St. Archbishops Gury (1555 - December 5, 1563) and St. Herman (on November
6, 1567). Their holy life and god-pleasing activity witnessed the God
through the appearance of their wonder-working relics on October 4, 1595 and
on July 23, 1594.
The holy relics of St. Gury rest in the Kazan Cathedral and those of St.
Herman - in Sviyazhsk town, in the Dormition Monastery founded by him. The
most assiduous fellow-worker of them was St. Varsonofy, the former
Archimandrite of the Savior Monastery arranged by him, was buried in the
rank of Bishop of Tver on April 11, 1576; his relics are kept now in the
Among the Kazan hierarchs during the period of patriarchate in Russia, two (Hermogen
and Adrian) were patriarchs of All Russia. Many hierarchs had the title of
Metropolitan of Kazan. Four Metropolitans (Gavriil II, Veniamin, Amvrosy I
and Gregory) were Metropolitans of Novgorod and St. – Petersburg; three
Metropolitans (Gavriil II, Serapion, Philaret) were Metropolitans of Kiev.
The majority of them were permanent members of the Synod, actively
participating in all church affairs.
The next after St. Herman was Archbishop Lavrenty I. He had been a hegumen
of the Volokolamsky Monastery before he was consecrated a bishop. He died in
the same Monastery in 1574, being on rest there.
The forth Archbishop of Kazan Vassian (one of the archimandrites of the
Moscow New Savior Monastery) was only for four weeks in Kazan. He was buried
in the Cathedral Church near the northern wall.
The fifth Archbishop of Kazan Tikhon I was one of the abbots of the Joseph
Volokolamsk Monastery (he died in 1576). His body is in the grave under the
main sanctuary of the Cathedral Church.
The sixth Archbishop Jerermiah was one of the archimandrites of the Savior –
Transfiguration Monastery of Kazan. In his time was founded miracle-working
Kazan Icon of the Mother of God on July 8, 1579. He died on the rest in the
Joseph’s Monastery in 1581, where he began his monastic life.
The seventh Archbishop Cosmas was one of the father superiors of the Kyrillo-
Belozersky Monastery. He governed the Kazan diocese not for a long time. He
died on the rest in the same monastery, from which he arrived to Kazan.
The eighth Archbishop Tikhon II was famous defender of the Dormition
Monastery of the Caves in Pskov against the attack of the Polish king
Stephen Batory. He participated in election of the first Russian Patriarch
Job, which was disciple of St. Herman. Then Kazan diocese was raised to the
rank of Metropolitanate (1589), and Archbishop Tikhon became the first
Metropolitan of Kazan.
Metropolitans of Kazan and Astrakhan
9. St. Hermogen (1589 - 1606)
Hermogen had the title of Metropolitan of Kazan and Astrakhan. As a humble
bishop of the Gostinodvorskaya (Hotel Court) Church he participated in
solemn celebration of portentous event of the finding of the holy wonder –
working Kazan Icon of the Mother of God (1579). Being then an Archimandrite
of the Savior – Transfiguration Monastery, he wrote down wonders, which were
from it. On May 1589, he was consecrated to the rank of Metropolitan of
Kazan and governed the Kazan diocese wisely for 17 years, paying especial
attention to enlightening with Christian faith of the natives in Kazan land.
In his time relics of St. German was transferred from Moscow to Sviyazhsk
(1594) and there were found the relics of Sts. Gury and Varsonofy (1595),
later on he compiled their lives.
Being in last years in Moscow, during negotiations about the marriage of
Lzhedmitry with Marina Mnishek he demanded that she accepted the Orthodoxy.
Owing to this, he was exiled from Moscow. In 1606, he became a Patriarch of
All Russia, and during the time of Polish intervention courageously
protected the Orthodoxy and nationality. Many Russian people owing to the
termination of the House of Russian Tsars have sworn to Vladislav, the son
of the Polish king. They threatened Hermogen with death for his blessing to
all to take up arms for the Fatherland, but he answered: “I will forbid, if
will see, that Vladislav the son of Orthdoxy. I order, if this won’t be”.
The traitor Saltykov lifted a knife against the holy hierarch, but Hermogen
raised against a knife the cross and said: “Here the sign against a knife,
let ascend oath on your head”. By means of Lyapunov he dispatched
every-where letters with the invitation of true sons of Russia on its
protection against the Poles, trampling on the holy faith, destroyed temples
and gave all to the desolation. They imprisoned St. Hermogen into a monastic
cell of the Chudov Monastery and starving him with famine demanded that he
forbad approaching to Moscow to gone on his call to liberate Moscow. The
stead patriarch died as a martyr, because was starved. Moscow was released
from Poles on October 22, 1613 by the national volunteer corps from Kazan
and Nizhniy Novgorod, escorting of the wonder – working Kazan icon of the
Mother of God. After that Mikhail Fedorovich Romanov (whose father was the
successor of Patriarch Hermogen on patriarchate) was elected a tsar.
Metropolitans of Kazan and Sviyazhsk
10. St. Åphraim (1606 – 1613)
11. Ìàtthew (1615-1646)
12. Simon (1646-1649)
13. Êornily I (1650 – 1656)
14. Lavrenty II (1657 – 1672)
15. Êornily II (1673-1674)
The 10th Metropolitan of Kazan Åphraim had the title of Metropolitane of
Kazan and Sviyazhsk as in 1602 in Astrakhan was founded the independent
diocese. In 1606 he anathematized some inhabitants of Sviyazhsk town for the
oath to the impostor; and during Time of Truobles he governed all Kazan
land, then all Russian Church and on July 11, 1613 he crowned a pious Tsar
Michael Feodorovich. Metropolitan Ephraim was buried ahead of an altar of
the Cathedral temple of the Savior - Transfiguration Monastery.
The 11th Metropolitan Matthew (from abbots of the Kirillo-Belozersky
Monastery) governed the Kazan flock for 31 years. At him were founded
Sedmiyezernaya (“Of Seven Lakes”) and Raifa Pustyns (hermitages), which were
of great importance for a spiritual life of the Kazan flock and education of
foreigners. He was buried (+ 1646) in the Cathedral at north wall.
The 12th Metropolitan Simeon (from Serbs) operated the Kazan diocese for
three years. He was buried (+1649) in the Cathedral at north wall.
The 13th Metropolitan Kornily I (from abbots of the Moscow Epiphany
Monastery) operated the diocese for six years. He was buried (+1654) in the
Cathedral at north wall.
The 14th Metropolitan Lavrenty II (from Archbishops of Tver) is known as a
composer of canons in honour of St. Gury and St. Herman. Before the death (+
1672 on November 11), he took the Great Schema with the name Levky
(Leukius). His body rests in a crypt under the main cathedral’s altar.
The 15th Metropolitan Kornily II (from the Novgorod Archbishops) didn’t come
to Kazan and, dismissed through illness on rest, died (+1698) in
Zelenetskaya Pustyn (St. Petersburg province) where he began his monastic
Metropolitans of Kazan and Bulgaria
16. Ioasaph (1674-1686)
The 16th Metropolitan Joasaph (from Archimandrites of the Savior – St.
Euphimius Monastery) had the title of Metropolitane of Kazan and Bulgaria
(in memory of the Bulgarian Empire, situated on the territory of Kazan
land). He governed the Kazan diocese for about 12 years. He was buried
(+1686) in the Cathedral at the north wall.
Metropolitans of Kazan
17. Adrian 1686-1690
18. Markell 1690-1698
19. Tikhon III (Voinov) 1699 - 1724
20. Sylvester (Holmsky) 1725 - 1731
21. Archbishop Hilarion (Rogalevsky) 1732-1750
22. Archbishop Gavriil I (Russkoy) 1735 - 1738
23. Bishop Luke (Êonashevich) 1738-1755
24. Bishop Gavriil II (Kremenetsky) 1755 - 1762
25. Metropolitan Veniamin (Putsek-Grigorovich) 1762 - 1782
26. Archbishop Anthony I (Zybelin) 1782 - 1785
27. Archbishop Amvrosy I (Podobedov) 1785-1799
The 17th Metropolitan Adrian (from Archimandrites of the Chudov Monastery)
wisely governed the Diocese for about five years. He was elevated in
Patriarchs of All Russia during difficult time when the Russian Orthodox
Church was faced on the one hand with ignorant Old - Ritualism, and on the
other hand with foreign influence, which could strongly shake all former
religious life of ancient Russia. Patriarch Adrian was the strict adherent
of Orthodoxy that is why he consequently and zealously struggled with
dissenters and protested against the western education.
The 18th Metropolitan Markell (from ambassadorial state judges) was
transferred to Kazan from Pskov (1690). At him in Kazan was a great fire
(1694), which has damaged relics of St. Varsonofy. His body rests (+1698)
under the main Cathedral altar.
The 19th Metropolitan Tikhon III - the pupil of Patriarch Adrian – at first
was Metropolitan of Sarsk and Podonsk and then was transferred to Kazan in
1695. At him was founded Slavonic – Latin School at Bishop’s House.
The 20th Metropolitan Sylvester (from pupils of the Kiev - Mogilyansk
school) was at first Metropolitan of Nizhniy Novgorod and Smolensk, and then
he was reduced in bishop. In Kazan (1727) rank of metropolitan was returned
to him, but then, upon slander of Kazan Governor A.Volynsky, he was deposed
from a post (1731) and as an ordinary monk died in an imprisonment.
The 21st Archbishop Hilarion (Rogalevsky) studied at the Kiev Academy,
accompanied Volynsky to Persia. He was consecrated an Archbishop of Kazan
(1732) from archimandrites of the Moscow Don Monastery. At him the
Slavonic-Latin School was transformed into Seminary, which was transferred
to the Zilantov Monastery, and then to a new building (in Voskresenskaja
street), which has begun to build at Hilarion. In 1735 he was transferred to
Chernigov, and then dismissed on rest and in 1742 was buried in Tver.
The 22nd Archbishop Gavriil (former Bishop of Suzdal), governed the Kazan
diocese not for a long time. Appointed to Kazan in 1735, he was soon
transferred to the Great Ustjug diocese. He died on rest in one of the
monasteries of Ryazan province (1738).
The 23rd Bishop Luke (Kanashevich) studied at the Kiev Academy, was a
teacher in the Moscow Academy and then in the Petersburg Cadet’s College. To
Kazan was appointed from Great Ustyug. At him the Seminary, to which he gave
the personal library, was resulted in such blossoming condition that didn’t
concede to Academies. Bishop Luke cared of the conversion in Christianity of
foreigners, involving them to belief by all measures, especially through
organization for newly baptized schools with Church of Sts. Zechariah and
Elizabeth (above Kaban lake where nowadays there is a new building of
Teacher's Seminary). In 1755 Bishop Luke was transferred to Belgorod where
The 24th Bishop Gavriil II (Kremenetsky), studied at the Moscow Academy, was
as a teacher and rector of the Seminary of Alexander Nevsky. To Kazan he was
transferred from Kolomna, and then he was appointed on a post of
Metropolitan of Kiev (+1783).
The 25th Metropolitan Veniamin (Putsek - Grigorovich), studied at the Kiev
Academy, devoted the most part of his life to Kazan, beginning as a teacher
in Slavic-Latin School and ending as a rector of the seminary. Right
Reverend Veniamin since 1748 in succession was the head of Nizhniy Novgorod,
Tver, Pskov, Petersburg dioceses and in 1762 at his own request was
transferred to Kazan, after crowning of Empress Catherine II. At him in 1771
Kazan was released by wonder – work from a fatal ulcer after religious
processions around the city with the Icon of the Mother of God “Of the Seven
Lakes”. In 1772 Pugachev, who set up for Emperor Peter III, attacked Kazan.
Before his invasion Archbishop Veniamin sent out the message in which as the
eyewitness, he proved that Emperor Peter III has died. During the siege of
Kazan by Pugachev Archbishop Veniamin assiduously prayed in the Cathedral
for saving of Kazan from the villain - impostor. In revenge for it,
mutineers slandered him in the relations with Pugachev. After strict
investigation, innocence of archbishop was proved. Empress presented to
Veniamin a precious panagia and he was elevated to the rank of metropolitan.
Archbishops of Kazan and Simbirsk
28. Serapion (Alexandrovsky) 1799 - 1803
29. Pavel (Zernov) 1803-1815
30. Amvrosy II (Protasov) 1816 - 1826
31. Iona (Pavinsky) 1826 - 1828
32. Philaret (Amphitheaters) 1828-1836
Archbishops of Kazan and Sviyazhsk
33. Vladimir 1 (Uzhinsky) 1836 - 1848
34. Metropolitan Gregory (Postnikov) 1848 - 1856
35. Athanasy (Sokolov) 1856 - 1866
36. Anthony II (Amphitheaters) 1866 - 1879
37. Sergy (Lyapidevsky) 1880-1882
38. Pallady (Rajev) 1882 - 1887
39. Pavel II (Lebedev) 1887 - 1892
40. Vladimir II (Petrov) 1892 - 1897
41. Arseny 1897-1903
42. Dimitry 11903-1905
43. Dimitry II (Sambikin) 1905 - 1908
44. Nikanor (Kamensky) 1908-1910
45. Metropolitan Iacov (Pjatnitsky) 1910-1918
46. Metropolitan Kyrill (Smirnov) 1918 - 1922
47. Mitrophan (Polikarpov) 1925
48. Ioann (Shirokov) 1925-1930
49. Irinei (Shulmin) 1930
50. Àthanassy (Malinin) 1930 - 1933
51. Metropolitan Seraphim (Alexandrov) 1933-1936
52. Archbishop Venedikt (Plotnikov) 1936 - 1937
53. Nikon (Purlevsky) 1937
54. Andrei (Komarov) 1942 - 1944
55. Hilary (Iliin) 1944 - 1945
56. Germogen (Kozhin) 1946 - 1949
Bishops of Kazan and Chistopol
57. Bishop Iustin (Maltsev) 1949 - 1950
58. Archbishop Sergy Ï (Korolyov) 1950-1952
Bishops of Kazan and Mari
59. Archbishop Iov (Kresovich) 1953-1960
60. Archbishop Michail (Voskresensky) 1960 – 1975
61. Bishop Panteleimon (Mitryukovsky) 1975-1988
62. Archbishop Anastasy (Metkin) since 1988